A Comprehensive Guide for US and European Travelers to Nepal: Traveling from the West to the East

Stepping into Nepal is akin to entering a realm where time has artfully blended centuries-old traditions with the budding sprouts of modernity. For travelers hailing from the skyscrapers of the USA, the historic landmarks of the UK, the artistic streets of Italy, the iconic canals of the Netherlands, and other renowned European locales, Nepal offers a unique mosaic of experiences. The cacophony of bustling Kathmandu streets contrasts starkly with the serene whispers of the mountainous trails leading to Everest. While places like Paris, Berlin, or Madrid celebrate their own urban marvels and historic edifices, in Nepal, one can traverse from the ancient rituals performed at the Pashupatinath Temple to the contemporary vibes of Thamel’s cafes. This journey is more than geographical; it’s a voyage through time, history, and the very essence of humanity’s connection with nature.

Visa and Entry Formalities

Unlike the stringent visa policies in many Western nations, Nepal has a relatively straightforward process. Most travelers from the US and Europe can obtain a tourist visa on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu. Ensure you carry valid identification, a couple of passport-sized photos, and cash (preferably USD) for the visa fee. The duration of the visa can range from 15 to 90 days, depending on your intended stay.

Pro Tip: Fill out the visa application form online prior to your departure to expedite the process upon arrival.

Adapting to the Nepali Time Zone

Crossing multiple time zones, especially for those flying in from the US, can result in jet lag. Nepal Standard Time (NST) is 5 hours and 45 minutes ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+5:45). To adjust swiftly, try adapting to the local time immediately, bask in daylight upon arrival, and ensure you’re well-rested during your flight.

Pro Tip: Adjusting your sleep pattern a few days before departure can minimize jet lag upon arrival.

Connectivity and Communication

While English is a prevalent medium of communication in tourist spots, diving into the Nepali lexicon can be rewarding. Common greetings like “Namaste” or “Tapaiilai kasto cha?” (How are you?) can bridge gaps and foster connections. As for digital connectivity, major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara have a plethora of Wi-Fi hotspots. Sim cards with data plans are easily available and recommended for those traveling outside urban centers.

Pro Tip: Portable Wi-Fi devices or pocket routers can be a handy backup, ensuring constant connectivity.

Embracing Nepali Cuisine

Western palates are in for a treat. Nepali cuisine is a delightful medley of flavors, influenced by its neighbors, yet uniquely its own. Dal Bhat, a lentil soup served with rice and accompanied by vegetable curries, is a staple. Momo, the Nepali take on dumplings, and Thukpa, a noodle soup, are must-tries. For those seeking a familiar touch, major cities offer a variety of international cuisines.

Pro Tip: Always opt for bottled water and ensure street food is freshly prepared to avoid potential stomach upsets.

Dressing Appropriately

While major cities like Kathmandu are accustomed to Western attire, modesty remains appreciated. Lightweight, breathable, and modest clothing works best. If your itinerary includes trekking, invest in moisture-wicking fabrics. Remember, Nepal’s topography varies dramatically, so layers are your best friend.

Pro Tip: Packing a lightweight scarf or shawl can serve dual purposes – for warmth and as a cover-up when visiting religious sites.

Monetary Matters

The official currency is the Nepali Rupee (NPR). While credit and debit cards are gaining traction in urban areas, cash remains indispensable, especially in remote regions. ATMs are accessible in cities, but carrying a mix of cash and cards is advisable. Also, always have small denominations for easier transactions.

Pro Tip: Carry a multi-currency travel card as a financial backup and for more favorable exchange rates.

Cultural Respect and Etiquette

As in many Eastern cultures, respect is paramount in Nepal. A nod or a slight bow is a customary greeting. When visiting religious sites, it’s essential to dress modestly and follow local customs, like circumambulating clockwise. Always gesture or offer with your right hand, as the left is considered unclean in Nepali culture.

Pro Tip: Observing locals can offer invaluable cues on appropriate behavior, ensuring you remain respectful in varied settings.

Safety Tips

Nepal, by and large, is a safe destination. However, it’s always wise to stay vigilant, especially in crowded areas. For trekking enthusiasts, hiring a local guide is recommended. Not only do they offer invaluable insights, but they also ensure safety in unfamiliar terrains.

Pro Tip: Register your travel plans with your country’s embassy or consulate in Nepal, ensuring added security and assistance if needed.

Traveling from the West to Nepal offers a shift not just in geography but in experiences, worldviews, and philosophies. By arming yourself with knowledge and an open heart, the wonders of this Himalayan nation unfold in a tapestry of memories that you’ll cherish long after your Eastern sojourn concludes.



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Nepal, a country known for its natural beauty, rich culture and colorful festivals. It never fails to disappoint and amaze people coming from different backgrounds. One of such cities of Nepal is Bhaktapur which is one of the three royal cities in the Kathmandu Valley. Here are top things to do in Bhaktapur.

Bhaktapur is considered as a cultural gem because of its fascinating history and religious sites. The city is also known as Bhadgaon or Khwopa that was founded in the 12th century by King Ananda Malla. It was one of the capital city of the Greater Malla Kingdom until 15th century.

The “City of Culture” is located about 20 km east of the Kathmandu- filled with monuments mostly terra-cotta with carved wood columns, palaces, and temples with detailed carvings, gilded roofs and open courtyards. Listed in one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the city is renowned for their quality woodwork and wood craftsmen.

Getting a chance to experience traditional lifestyle of the ancient Bhaktapur is best done on foot. Four things that you should not miss when visiting this place are:

A tour of Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square- a collection of pagoda and shikhar- style temples, grouped around a fifty- five window palace of brick and wood is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the valley which highlights the ancient arts of Nepal. The major attraction of Bhaktapur Durbar Square are: 55 window palace, Golden Gate, Lion’s Gate, Mini- Pashupatinath Temple, Vatsala Temple, Nyatapola Temple, Bhairavnath Temple.

Take a pottery workshop at Dattatreya Square

enowned for its pottery work, the place has the facility of teaching pottery at Dattatreya Square which is Potter’s Square. It gives you an opportunity to indulge in the traditional lifestyle of people of Bhaktapur where you’ll see potters at work, sun drying their pots in the open air. So, if you’re interested in throwing clay, you’ll find workshop studios where you can learn how to make traditional pottery.

Witness Bisket Jatra

Bisket Jatra is one of the most popular Jatra celebrated every Nepali New year, where thousands of visitors involved in erecting lingo (pole), pulling chariots of deities, and worshipping them. The highlights of this festival are the tug of war between the eastern and western sides of town which then is moved down in a steep road leading to a river, Jibro Chhedne (Making Hole in Tongue) and Sindoor Jatra.

Must have dessert- “Juju Dhau”

The sweetened custard-like yogurt which is the specialty of Bhaktapur is a dessert you must try during your visit. Juju Dhau meaning “King of Curd” in the Newari language is delicious, thick, smooth and creamy yogurt- a dish perfect to end your day tour of the city.


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